Definition of the countryside

Rural and rural development

It is also called rural development . It is difficult to establish a definition for this type of development, because of the difference of opinions of geographers and those interested in its definition

Village development is a complex and complex concept, which does not include one aspect or a purely economic area. Rather, it covers all aspects of economic, cultural, social and community life. In other words, it means improving the living conditions of the population, developing their technical and cognitive skills, and improving their social status (education and health), in addition to enabling them to rationally exploit the local natural resources. With the necessity of appraising it, and ensuring its sustainability for subsequent generations, which makes rural development differ in its goals and dimensions from other types of other development, especially agricultural development, but they are related to a dialectical relationship. Village development cannot be achieved without agricultural development.
Nevertheless, rural development remains the basis for rural development, as it is based on a holistic, holistic approach that addresses the issues of village society and the economy. Village development also means qualitative and qualitative improvement of the economic activities practiced in the rural area, while ensuring their sustainability. It also does not mean merely manufacturing a rural area or establishing economic activities in it, but rather it is an interlocking phenomenon, working to develop local resources, and to combat rural poverty and all problems In which the rural world is floundering. We have found it difficult to give a fixed and unified definition of rural development, given its breadth.

Nevertheless, rural development can be defined as follows: village development constitutes a holistic, comprehensive and continuous chain that accommodates all structural transformations that the rural world knows, and this series is translated through the development of the level of results of agricultural activity, the exploitation of natural and human resources, diversification of the economic foundations of the rural population and improving its economic conditions Social and cultural, it works to raise the attractiveness of life and work in the countryside, whether at the local, regional, national or international levels. This definition appears to be comprehensive, but it is not considered the only definition in this context, but there are other definitions that we mention: - GV Fuguitt defines rural development as that concept that includes efforts to assist the poor farmers as well as those working in the field of marketing agriculture . This definition relates to one aspect of providing material assistance to rural families.

Others believe that the concept of rural development goes beyond the advancement of the agricultural sector to include economic sectors related to agriculture. Indeed, in some people's opinion, it includes human development and natural resources at the same time. Hence the achievement of the welfare and social justice of the villagers. It is clear from the foregoing that village development must be based on the following: To accept the participation of the rural population in all stages of development projects. To accept the collective agreement between the population and the planners of development programs, and rural development in implementing its programs is based on methods and goals that are reflected in the following:
The technical structure and the frameworks for its programs should be flexible because it would create advantages, such as giving priority to the human nature in the relations between the departments and institutions working in the field Development and advancement of population problems with identification of a networkPriorities in the demands. And reviving the role of civil society organizations and professional societies active in the rural field.
Village development is characterized by several characteristics, and it aspires to achieve several goals:

Rural development characteristics

Rural development programs mainly target the rural population, recognizing the importance of local initiatives and maximizing available resources, seeking to achieve rural economic and social prosperity, based on the principle of guidance and guidance for all. Studies and development processes should be led in coordination with the beneficiaries and the stakeholders, and should lead to a critical evaluation and change of directions when necessary. And calls for rural development with the participation of the population and the realization and spread of social justice, with the clear choice of the less able groups in the village community. Rural development is comprehensive and depends on the decentralization of the decision, that is, decisions are taken locally and all members of the rural community involved in their programs participate. Rural development is an issue for all concerned, i.e. farmers, the elected, political decision makers, and the local population.