Definition of philosophy



Contents

  • 1 Philosophy
  • 2 Definition of philosophy
    • 2.1 Philosophy is a language
    • 2.2 Philosophy as a convention
  • 3 The emergence of philosophy
  • 4 The independence of science from philosophy
  • 5 reasons for the independence of science from philosophy
  • 6 The need for philosophy
  • 7 areas of philosophy
  • 8 sections of philosophy
  • 9 Characteristics of philosophy
  • 10 References

Philosophy

The emergence of philosophy dates back to before BC, but it was neither systematic nor codified, then it passed in stages that made it more mature and prosperous, and all previous societies knew the philosophy , and dealt with it and with it, but it was apparent in some societies more than others, and the idea of ​​philosophy is based on Looking at man and the universe as an overview, what is philosophy, what is its definition, and when did it arise?

Definition of philosophy

Philosophy is a language

Philosophy in Language: The origin of the word philosophy is an abbreviation of two Greek words, which are: Philo, meaning: love , and Sofia: means wisdom; that is, the meaning of philosophy is love of wisdom, and some historians attribute this term to Pythagoras, who called himself a philosopher, and some refer it To Socrates, who described himself as a philosopher; in his desire to distinguish himself from the Soviets who claim wisdom , and others see that the term philosophy belongs to Plato, where he used it to describe Solon and Socrates. [1]


Philosophy is a convention

The definition of philosophy is a term different for philosophers, as al-Farabi defines it as: (knowledge of what is present), whereas for al-Kindندي, philosophy is: the science of things with their total truths, where it is affirmed that the college is one of the essential characteristics of philosophy that distinguishes it from other human sciences, and sees Ibn Rushd said that thinking about the findings is considered to be artefacts, and (the more knowledge of artifacts is completed, the knowledge of the creator is complete), while Emmanuel believed that philosophy is the knowledge that comes from the mind. [2]

Philosophy is also not just a group of special partial knowledge, but rather the science of general principles as defined by Descartes in his book Principles of Philosophy , and he also said: It is a study of wisdom, because it is concerned with the science of origins, so the science of God, human sciences and nature, and the pillar of philosophy when Descartes is in thought The self-conscious, who understands the universality of existence, and that its source is from God, [3] but philosophy in its simplified sense as described by Brendan Wilson: it is a set of problems and attempts to solve it, and these problems revolve around God, virtue, perception, meaning, science, etc. that. [4]

The emergence of philosophy

In the genesis of philosophy , two words were said: [5]
  • The first is that philosophy is of pure Greek origin. For this reason, ancient philosophy was called by a term due to its Greek origin on the assumption of its authenticity. The followers of this assumption called it the Greek miracle.
  • The second saying: This statement refers to the emergence of philosophy to the interactions and contributions of all peoples, without the uniqueness of a people in its establishment and innovation. The followers of this opinion are inferred by several signs, including:
    • Greek philosophy started with an Ionian (painted) school, which is an island teeming with ports, and is characterized by a great deal of interaction and relations with the East.
    • Greek philosophers were influenced by the East, through their actual visits to the East, including: Thales and Plato.
    • The repetition of philosophical origins in the Greek school of ideas that prevailed in the East originally.

The independence of science from philosophy

Philosophy was previously known as the mother of science , due to the low level of knowledge at the time, and with the flourishing and expansion of knowledge , it became impossible for one mind to be familiar with it and with this huge amount of information, so the need to allocate science and study material facts emerged, which led to the creation of an appropriate method based on observation and experience. [6]

Reasons for the independence of science from philosophy

The independence of science from philosophy is due to the following reasons: [6]
  • The accumulation of information and the depth of research in subdivisions made the specialization of sciences necessary.
  • Increased interest in studying physical facts, molecules, and data, which is contrary to philosophy.
  • The experimental approach - which is based on the study of molecules to reach the college - required attention to data, material facts, and molecules, and this, of course, contradicts the philosophical approach.

The need for philosophy

After the independence of the sciences from philosophy, problems arose with the scale of scientific progress and civilization advancement, which restored philosophy to its place and demonstrated the need for it, due to its role in: [6]
  • Stimulating the mind , and making it capable of scrutiny and scientific research.
  • Exposing delusions, and removing myths that hinder the mind and mislead scientific research.
  • The continuous need of science for a philosophical examination, because science depends on an approach that is not its product, and principles not related to it, and the boldness of a philosopher is important to the objectivity of scientific research.
  • The rationalization of science for social ends beneficial to society, and linking science with morals, in order to prevent science from becoming anti-social.
  • Subjecting scientific discoveries to human values, because the purpose of science is to arrive at results and discoveries, and it does not matter if they are beneficial to society for the benefit or harm.

Areas of philosophy

Things around us can be viewed from two angles: one is looking at the element, examining it, holding it and realizing it with our senses, and the other is researching the causes of invisible things, which we cannot perceive with our senses, and explaining these two angles in the following: [6]
  • The philosophy of nature: it revolves around the visuals and manifestations on which our senses fall, and that change and corruption occur, and philosophers have been concerned about whether there is a fixed law for continuous change, and what is the element that remains constant resisting change, so some of the philosophers of Greece went to the fact that water, air and fire are fixed elements that do not It changes, while others argue that there are no fixed elements.
  • Metaphysical philosophy : means everything that cannot be perceived by our senses, and what curiosity leads us to know.

Sections of philosophy

Philosophy is divided according to its considerations and references into three sections. This is explained in the following: [7]
  • Philosophy of ethics: It is a set of controls that a person acquires from his community, specifying for him what his behavior should be towards others.
  • The philosophy of religion : is the full delivery, full and believing the teachings of God.
  • Philosophy of science: it is the philosophy that examines the movement of the transformation of nature and human evolution .

Characteristics of philosophy

Characterized by philosophy with several characteristics, including: [8]
  • Abstraction: abstract is thought; it is not related to time, place, or matter.
  • The College: Philosophy is concerned with the relationships between things, such as: the relationship of man to God, others, and nature; therefore, any sub-topic that deals with a particular type is science.