Definition of scientific research


  • 1 About scientific research
  • 2 Definition of scientific research
  • 3 types of scientific research
    • 3.1 as per its purpose
    • 3.2 Depending on the method used
  • 4 goals of scientific research
  • 5 elements of scientific research
  • 6 video characteristics and elements of scientific research
  • 7 References

About scientific research

The access to reliable information and the study of contemporary issues according to a clearly defined methodology is one of the most important concerns of students, academic professors and every specialist in its field, and therefore scientific research is considered as an objective tool to uncover facts and refute evidence, where information is firmly established and the horizon of agreement and methodological knowledge based on research, scrutiny and evidence is expanded. Logical, statistics and survey. For more, we will learn about the concept of scientific research, its types and basics. [1]

Definition of scientific research

There are many definitions of scientific research , including that it represents the systematic method that follows a number of successive steps starting from knowing the problem and analyzing it, and collecting and documenting data with the aim of extracting a set of solutions that emerge from analysis, comparison and statistics. [2]

It is also a systematic and systematic investigation process with the intention of verifying the truths, or proving new facts, provided that scientific methods and approaches are followed while conducting scientific research and preparing its reports and results. [3]

Some see scientific research as a structured study to meet a cognitive deficiency, or to collect and link separate or mixed matters and concepts in understanding or application, or to achieve a new cognitive and scientific addition deduced from scientific research procedures and results. [4]

Types of scientific research

Scientific research has several types that are formed according to the basis on which the research is built , and the following are detailed details of these foundations and types: [5]

According to its purpose

The types of research according to their purpose in the following: [5]
  • Theoretical research: It is the research that deals with the scientific aspects, from which a set of achieved laws and theories is derived, and it contributes to the growth of knowledge and serves studies and establishes a documented ground for applied sciences .
  • Applied Research: It is the research that deals with practical matters and applying the available knowledge to reach new, more effective knowledge, or to solve field problems and develop work methods to achieve higher productivity.

According to the method used

Types of research according to the method used are the following: [5]
  • Descriptive research: where it is used to describe phenomena, monitor their spatial and temporal conditions, and collect facts about them, and it also provides recommendations to correct the current situation within criteria and values ​​that must be provided and applied in practice to reach the desired situation, and several methods are used in this type of research, including: observation, personal interview and paper survey tests or e.
  • Historical Research: It is research that takes the descriptive form but for the events and phenomena that have occurred and ended, it is concerned with the history of the past and the analysis of the repercussions of those events, and extracts from them new methods to avoid the pitfalls that occurred previously and predict a renewed future, where the researcher's effort is focused on improving the perceptions, ideas and general behaviors of individuals and institutions It depends on two types of sources to obtain the information, which are the primary and secondary sources, and this requires a double effort in extrapolation and scrutiny.
  • Experimental Research: These are researches that analyze problems and phenomena according to the experimental approach , based on observation, hypothesis setting, and adjusting their details to verify their validity and actual existence, the researcher adjusts all the variables and specifies their details to control them in what serves the content of his research and perhaps this is what distinguishes experimental research from others.

The goals of scientific research

The goals of scientific research vary according to its type and the nature of the result it will reach. Among the most important goals of scientific research are the following: [2]
  • Reaching new facts: Using systematic thinking, analyzing phenomena and problems, and seeking to find solutions to them, based on reliable facts, allows us to infer new facts and recommendations.
  • Scientific description: The analysis of a phenomenon, tracking its basis, refuting its causes and analyzing its symptoms in order to reach an accurate scientific description of it, complete the parts of scientific research, analyze the problem or hypothesis, its apparent and hidden implications, and reach an objective description that includes guidance for optimal solutions.
  • Predicting the future: It is a prediction based on scientific evidence, documented methodology, and consecutive logical steps. All of this will ensure access to future knowledge that is as close to the truth as the correct scientific research.
  • Providing logical solutions to problems: The subject of scientific research revolves around an intractable problem , the researcher seeks to refute it and solve it through scientific research and put forward hypotheses, observation, measurement, etc., but he is finally able to offer a set of solutions supported by scientific evidence and field experiments that confirm their feasibility and validity.
  • Innovation and innovation: If you look at inventions and high-quality products, you will find that they are designed according to ideal standards that resulted from a huge number of research and experiments. The research is based on facts, information and new experiences that will allow the researcher to reach new and innovative results based on the latest findings and research .
  • Knowledge: A person does not develop with ignorance and does not compete with others with stagnation. Therefore, scientific research is an effective tool for developing human skills and knowledge, to acquire documented and proven scientific knowledge in the field, and that is the knowledge proven by practical experience and documented evidence.

Elements of scientific research

Scientific research has four main components, which are classified as an integrated behavioral system, as follows: [6]
  • Inputs: It is represented first by the researcher’s knowledge of the details of the problem, his feeling of its importance and the necessity of seeking its status, in addition to his knowledge of scientific research and his knowledge of the details of the issue around which scientific research revolves around concepts, terms and sources of information , all of this will contribute to achieving distinct results and will increase the ability to address difficulties during the research process and address them.
  • Operations: From here, the researcher can test the techniques that he prepared for the research, as it includes the methodology of researching the problem and the appropriate statistical design for it.
  • Outputs: Results and recommendations are collected here, including the results of statistics, opinion polls and laboratory experiments, if any, so that all results are presented in an organized manner in tables according to the research terms and classifications.
  • Evaluation controls: This includes the evaluation of scientific research with its three previous elements and stages, by a committee specialized in the field of research, for the research to be approved and validated to solve the problem, and to clarify the new scientific contributions that the research makes to knowledge.