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Line definition



Ibn Khaldun said in his introduction about the calligraphy : It is an honorable industry in which a person is distinguished from others, and by which he performs the purposes, because it is the second rank of linguistic significance.

God made understanding between people by tongue and pen, and made writing a means of recognition, clearing of receivables, documenting contracts, and preserving science and the cultural and civilizational heritage of nations throughout history, an important means of knowledge and communication between people.

Contents

  • 1 Define the font
  • 2 Advantages of Arabic writing
  • The first 3 of the Arabic font
  • 4 types of fonts
    • 4.1 The Kufic script
    • 4.2 The weighted line
    • 4.3 The attributed font
    • 4.4 Patch line
    • 4.5 Copy font
    • 4.6 The third line
    • 4.7 Persian font
    • 4.8 Diwani line
  • 5 Summary
  • 6 references

Line definition

  • It is the work and formation of writing in all languages ​​that use Arabic letters .
  • The calligraphy was also defined as drawings and literal forms indicating the audible words indicating the meanings and feelings of the human soul. There is no higher honor for the science of calligraphy than the addition of God Almighty teaching the calligraphy to Himself and his gratitude for that on His servants . His said the book increased the traveler: line Walid tongue, and immortalized Turgeman, Ferdath his time of literature, and quality of Hraiv ranks, and the bones facilities of God by the slaves, said the bulk of Hereafter: "And your Lord is Most Generous, who taught by the pen, aware human unless knows."


Features of Arabic writing

Arabic writing is distinguished by being interconnected and interrelated with each other, and it is possible to make various geometric shapes through rotation, distortion, tide, overlap, composition and intertwining.

The first to calligraphy

Our master Ismail, peace be upon him, is considered to be the first of the Arab calligraphy - as Ibn Abbas said - and he added that he was connected until he separated him from his son. It was said: Maramar bin Marra, and Aslam bin Jadra, who are from the people of Anbar. It was said: The first person in Arabic wrote Harb bin Umayyah bin Abd Shams, he learned from the people of Al-Hirah, and the people of Al-Hirah learned from the people of Anbar. Then the people of Anbar taught him, so Bashr bin Abdul Malik, brother of Akidar bin Abdul Malik Al Kindy, the owner of Dumat Al-Jandal, taught him, and he went to Makkah and married Al-Sahba, the daughter of Harb.Ibn Umayya is the sister of Abu Sufyan, he taught a group of the people of Makkah, so many people wrote in Mecca. And a man from Kinda who gives Quraysh to teach human beings to them says: Do not deny the grace of human beings upon you, as the auspicious of the captain was a flower that comes to you in the line of assertiveness, so that you keep from the money what was scattered throughout.

types of lines

koufi font

This line appeared in Kufa from the tribes of Yemen. Kufi is the line that tends to square and geometry.

Weighted line

This line appeared in the Levant after the Arabization of the Diwans during the reign of the Umayyad Caliph Abd al-Malik bin Marwan.

The attributed line

It is the weighted line, it has special standard proportions, and the number of its pens is 24. Six types of lines were formed: one-third, basil, signature, verified, buddy, and patch by the hand of Minister Abu Ali Muhammad bin Muqla, then his brother Abu Abdullah Al-Hassan.

Line vamp

It is an Arabic calligraphy that is not difficult, distinguished by its strength and strength at the same time and speed when writing it, and it is published in all Arab countries and its use is few but many in the Quranic verses .

Copy font

And he found the basics of the minister Ibn Muqla, called transcription, because it is used a lot in copying documents and books and transferring what they contain; for the ease of drawing it, and for the clarity of its letters and their large letters, and for the beauty of their appearance.

Third line

This font is characterized by flexibility, and the formation of types and forms of letters in it, and one sentence can be written several times in different forms. This type decreases in the Qur’an , and is used for writing titles. Drawing this line is difficult.

Persian font

Among the characteristics of this line are the decoration in it, softness, grace , circular letters, bends, and turns.

Diwani line

It is the official line in writing bureaux. This line is written on one line with high flexibility.

Summary

The Arabic calligraphy does not constitute a tool to embody the language that carries the civilizational, historical, and cultural characteristics of the Arab nation, but this calligraphy carries the most sacred message that the Arabs singled out to all human beings in every time and place, which is the Noble Qur’an, and in this sense the Arabic calligraphy has a sacred feature that is not available to other lines For all the languages ​​known in the world today. For this purpose, the Arabs have endeavored and endeavored to give the Arabic letters the highest status, and the higher status that the Noble Qur’an has given their lofty language.