The effect of motivation on human psychology


  • 1 Definition of motivation
  • 2 Motivation Elements
  • 3 The effect of motivation on human psyche
    • 3.1 The effect of motivation on Mohamed Merhi
    • 3.2 The stimulus effect of Abraham Maslow
  • 4 incentives sections in terms of impact and effectiveness
  • 5 References

Definition of motivation

The scholars differed regarding the definition of incentives formally, but they agreed on their content, so they defined the incentives as (stimuli that move human behavior and help direct it towards the required performance, when these incentives are important to the individual), and it was said: It is what is provided to the individual in terms of material or moral compensation; As compensation for his outstanding performance. Incentives are important for different groups of society, including individuals, trainers, and institutions. Motivating and motivating employees is one of the most important factors for success . [1]

Motivation Elements

The motivational elements are as follows: [1]
  • Capacity: so that the person is able and qualified to perform the required behavior, through which the work can be improved if motivated, other than the unqualified person.
  • Desire: It is the desire of the motivated individual to reach and achieve the goals set, and if the desire does not exist in the individual, then the chance for success will be few.
  • Effort: It refers to the energy spent and the time required to achieve the goals set. Energy alone is not sufficient for the individual to accomplish what is required of him, but needs sufficient time to do so.

The effect of motivation on human psyche

The stimulus effect of Mohamed Merhi

The effect of motivation on a person's psyche appears in the following: [2]
  • By stimulating the continuous initiative of the individual appears, so also is the innovation renewed and sustained.
  • By motivation, many constructive proposals emerge, and the many methods of improvement that address deficiencies that are evident in the work .
  • Motivation is the tool through which change occurs, the development of work, and the correction of its path, by introducing new and effective elements and methods of work and its mechanism to increase its vitality.
  • Stimulation achieves vital balance within the organization or field of work, which leads to harmony in the elements of the work system, and move dynamically in it.
  • Motivated by the reaction of workers - which then affects the effectiveness of implementation and follow-up - is strong, whether in the internal or external work environment .

The motivation effect of Abraham Maslow

Abraham Maslow explained in his theory of human motivation which is the theory of the necessity of needs, or the hierarchy of needs, that human behavior comes as a result of certain unfulfilled needs among individuals, and Maslow arranged these needs hierarchically on five levels according to the importance, and these needs must be satisfied according to The importance, if the motivator wants an incentive to have an effect in changing an individual’s behavior for the better, and the five sections of needs as Maslow sees, which have an impact on the individual’s psyche and behavior, are: [3]
  • Physiological needs: They are the base of Maslow's pyramid , and they include the basic things that a person needs, such as food, air, water, and housing, and these things can be obtained through an individual's income, provided that it is sufficient for all of these needs.
  • The need for security: After satisfying the basic human need, which is the physiological need, the person then looks to satisfy another need, which is the need for security. The worker needs to work in a safe environment that is free from material and psychological damages, and the incentive could be in the form of providing the worker with equipment Safety, protection from hazards to protect it, and health and social insurance.
  • Social needs: This level of needs comes after satisfying the individual for the two classes that fall below it in the pyramid, and the social need means that the individual needs to satisfy the need for belonging to him, and among the things that help in this is the formation of friendships and acceptance of others for the individual, and the motivation in this matter is the establishment of clubs Social, and doing competitions.
  • The need for appreciation: is the satisfaction of the need for self and appreciation of the individual, the development of self-esteem , the desire to achieve progress and success, and obtaining the prestigious position among people, and the motivation here is by giving prizes for distinguished works, certificates of excellence, letters of thanks, or the work of a site or newspaper, and publishing Distinguished works in it.
  • The need for self-assertion : This need is that which is at the top of Maslow's pyramid, and access to it is after satisfying other needs, and means the presence of the need in the human being, and providing the appropriate conditions that help him to innovate, and provide his best, so he feels his existence and existence.

Sections of incentives in terms of impact and effectiveness

Incentives can be divided in terms of the effect that results from them and their effectiveness as follows: [4]
  • Positive incentives: These incentives are based on the principle of reward for workers , and to meet their needs and requirements, with the aim of increasing production, improving its quality, improving employee performance, and urging them to do the desired behavior. Examples of this section of incentives include: granting exceptional allowances to those with competence , and fairness in wages The basic and objective treatment of employees, ensuring the provision of an appropriate work environment in which adequate ventilation and lighting is available, training sessions are held, and workers are notified of the importance of the opinions and proposals they provide, and it is preferable that incentives are necessary in the eyes of workers, and saturated They have specific needs, and they must be met in their lives so that the individual does not lose his motivational ability .
  • Negative incentives: are the incentives that are used to prevent or repeat negative behavior at work , or to reduce it, and negative behavior that is sought to address it: laziness at work , neglect, the employee’s lack of responsibility, or failure to implement the orders and instructions of officials, and this section of the incentives Punishment is used as a means to change the unwanted behavior of individuals, in order to reach the goals that were set and hope to be achieved, and the presence of punishment in the negative incentive prevents the individual from repeating the mistake; to avoid the penalty imposed, which was a reason and incentive for the individual not to fall into error and violation.