What is the narration


  • 1 Writing
  • Narration 2
  • 3 types of narration
  • 4 forms of narration
  • 5 narrative characteristics
  • 6 References


For writing several methods, the writer will have as tools in his hands; he chooses the tool that suits what he aspires to show, and the best to show his ideas, and what he has within him and what he feels, and the style that we want to talk about is the narration style.


Narration is a method used in stories, novels and writing plays, a style that is consistent with the printing of many writers and their ideas because of its flexibility, and is considered a tool for human expression, and the writer translates human actions and behaviors and places into structures of meanings in the style of narration, and thus the writer has converted the information To speak with the order of events. This is not intended to be irregular speech, in which there is no arrangement of events, or that there is a lack of harmony between his words, sentences and meanings.

In narration, the need for explaining ideas, summarizing what is intended, or giving preaching, is diminished, because narration shows everything that is intended, and if that happens, it is an increase and a redundancy that is useless, but may cause weakness for this method, and has a negative impact on the structure and composition of the text. The narration has various forms; it can be narrated orally or in writing, or be through pictures and gestures, and also in other forms.

Among the forms of narration (detailed narration), and that is by putting all the details in the narration without abbreviation, and there is (the overall narration), and in it a briefness of events, and the focus in it on the main events that are meaningful, but on the ways of narration are: self-narration, direct narration, List the documents (notes and confessions).
Narration This literary concept related to prose, and narration of the fruit that the writer carefully produced for his idea, this method is the most prominent human message style among writers and the most enjoyable among readers, and this method is of great importance in literature, and the methods used in literature have multiplied, but what is important is the true creative writer who gave Writing style makes sense by showing what it is about in itself. (1)

Types of narration

The narrative style is divided into three sections: (2)
  • From the perspective of the speaker, i.e. the vector of linguistic discourse: a method that reveals the author's thought and psychology. Plato says: Just as a person's natures are his style. Goethe says: The method is the principle of active, thin, synthesis by which the writer is used to depleting and revealing the inner form of his language.
  • From the point of view of the addressee, i.e. the recipient of the linguistic discourse: which is the style of pressure that the addressee receives, Stendhal says in the definition of this method that: The method is to add to a certain thought all the circumstances that can cause the effect that this thought should make.
  • From the angle of discourse, which is the expressive energy resulting from the chosen language. Maruzu defined it as the writer's choice, which would lead the phrase, from a state of linguistic neutrality, to a distinguished discourse on its own.

There are many methods in terms of the subject as well, and by this we can divide it into three other types, namely: the simple style, the moderate style, and the jarling style; so the first method for writing letters is valid, and the second is suitable for writing history, while the third method is suitable for tragedy. However, modern literary genres, such as novel and social play, include several methods of writing in a successful manner. (2)

Narration forms

Narration is classified as a temporal activity that explains how the narrator realizes the facts based on the axis of time. If time is related to successive episodes, then we find that time goes by a system that permits the overlapping and twisting of events, and this is why time is classified as an essential element when studying the narration to distinguish between its various forms, which are divided into What comes next: (3)
  • Sequential narration: It is a narration that is based on a clear linear system within the perception of time, as the narrator depends on the gradual occurrence of events, so he narrates the first event, then moves to the second, the third and beyond, and so forth in order until the end of the events.
  • Intermittent narration: It is based on a violation of the logical sequence of the occurrence of events, as the narrator begins to present the story from the latest events, then moves to the first event, relying on multiple writing techniques, such as: deletion, retrieval, summarization, description and others.
  • Rotational Narration: A number of alternating stories are told through it, so one story begins and is followed by another, then the first story returns and we return to the second again, and so on. This narrative style requires that there are commonalities between characters and events, and this narration is often used in TV series.

Narration properties

The narration of its types depends on several elements that shape it, and distinguish it from other models, including: (4)
  • It depends on time and spatial indicators, as its association with time builds an incentive of suspense, identifies events and arranges them, so time and event are inseparable twins.
  • It includes certain links that help to network events together and link them to the way the narrator wants, such as: after that, before that, then, and others.
  • Events are shaped and shaped through three main phases: initial events, emergency events, and final events.
  • The use of verbs fits with the appropriate time at the right time, so the past verb comes with ending events, and the present tense is with the events that are being told now.


(1) Acting on Lecture on the Concept of Narration, King Saud University, faculty.ksu.edu.sa
(2) Acting on the Book of Text and Stylistics between Theory and Practice, Adnan bin Zril, Union of Arab Writers, Syria, Damascus, 2000, p. 43.
(3) Acting as louse provided in the narratives of narration, kissas.org
(4) Acting on the essay of the narrative term in terms of Arabization and translation in modern Arab criticism, Dr. Abdullah Abu Haif, Tishreen University Journal for Studies and Scientific Research, Series of Arts and Humanities, Volume 28, No. 1, 2006