Definition of incentives

The issue of incentives is one of the most important indicators indicating the nature of the work of administrative organizations, in terms of evaluation and effectiveness, especially if these indicators are linked with job performance and how to manage them, within an organized environment . The researchers have provided a set of definitions of incentives, including the following:

The concept of incentives

  • The degree of positive or negative feeling of the members of the organization regarding their work and tasks in the organization.
  • Incentives can be defined as the main general trend for individuals to work . The organizational rewards system is an influential and important indicator for individuals in the organization.
  • It can be said that the incentives are a general trend towards the nature of work, in terms of the differences between the amount of rewards that workers receive in the organization, and the amount of rewards that they believed to receive.
  • Incentives have important dimensions, which are that they reflect the emotional dimension of employees regarding the status of work and the nature of its atmosphere in the organization.
  • Incentives are defined as a means of identifying how to unify trends towards goals, focus results against them, and thus the ability to identify unexpected trends, in addition to that the incentives represent multiple types of trends and relationships, from the nature of the organization’s existing work, and the human position on the amount of rewards granted by the organization For the employees, the nature of possible opportunities for promotion in the organization, the methods of control, the methods of supervision in force with the employees, and the features of the relationships between the employees themselves.
  • Naguib defined incentives as: a feeling of contentment, satisfaction or happiness to satisfy needs, desires and expectations with the work itself and the content of the work environment and with confidence, loyalty and belonging to work. In the same context, Hassan defines the incentives as: an external stimulus that creates or moves the motivation (an internal stimulus) and directs the individual positively towards obtaining the incentive, leading to the satisfaction of the individual with a specific behavior consistent with the performance required by management.
  • Al-Anqari defines it as a group of external factors and influences that the senior management in the organization is preparing to aim at influencing the behavior of workers, as well as urging and motivating them to raise their productive efficiency.
  • Al-Harthy defines the incentives as: everything that the administration gives to its members and leads to raising performance, ensuring loyalty, and achieving sufficient efficiency in the work.
  • Al-Omari defines it as: the methods and means used by the organization to motivate workers to perform in a distinct spirit.
  • Al-Wabel defines it as: a set of factors, methods, procedures, and temptations that the management of administrative organizations prepare.
  • Some studies define incentives as: a set of external means and influences used by organizations in order to influence the behavior of workers, to reach the possible sufficiency of work, and to charge the energies of workers whenever they pass over time.

Incentives may be material or moral, commensurate with the position or task given to the employee, the manager must take into account the differences in his employees, the task should not be difficult and assigned to the superior employees; rather it is good to spread the spirit of competition among employees to reach an institution rich with its employees who love to perform their work They look to achieve the company's goals at the expense of their own goals. Sometimes the effect of encouraging and praising a worker on his or her improved work and noticeable development may be more powerful than the effect of giving the worker a material reward and vice versa, here it is the responsibility of the manager to determine the appropriate incentive that will satisfy and love the employee in performing his job; the worker when motivating him will feel that it is important for the company in which he works And this will push him to do his best.


There are many successful companies and institutions in their businesses, which achieve very large gains and benefits, when looking at the most important and most important reasons and ingredients for the success of these companies and achieving the gains and goals, and the presence of high productivity for them, we note that the most prominent of these elements: the high productivity of employees, work hard and strive to complete their work Since they work honestly, in order to complete their work to the fullest extent, this is what is important. When looking at the reason for the love, giving, and honesty of employees of the company or organization they work in, we note that the reason is always or often the comfortable work environment, in addition to the incentive system that J aims to activate and pay employees to provide all their capabilities and experience in all honesty and the Secretariat of the project who work in it.