Driving instruction



Contents

  • 1 drive
  • 2 Driving instruction
    • 2.1 Teaching the driver with the manual transmission
    • 2.2 Driving the driver with the automatic transmission
  • 3 general instructions and tips for all drivers
  • 4 References

Drive

The driving or driving vehicles, specifically cars of skills that seeks a lot of people to learn; because of their importance in life in general; so on a daily basis seeking a lot of people to learn the basics and principles of the drive; so that they can lead the car their own after obtaining a license or approved certificate To drive cars and vehicles according to their different types, and the driver also represents a type of work that depends on driving public vehicles, such as taxis and buses, in order to transport people between various places, the driver must while driving his personal car or a A public vehicle to abide by the rules and ethics of traffic , and the ethics of the drive, and instructions to drive vehicles; thus contributing to the preservation of his life and the lives of people from exposure to traffic accidents .

Driving instruction

The learning drive in general needs to train a person on a set of necessary skills and principles; in order to ensure its success in mastering and understand how the correct drive, and often cares about a lot of people to learn driving cars as more means of transport used between people, and the following explanation about how to drive a car using either Manual transmission or automatic transmission:


Driving instruction with manual transmission

The drive by using speed manual transmission of driving ways in which people face some difficulty, but it helps to practice and continuous learning to master the driving speed by using manual transmission, and comes with information on the steps to learn this type of drive:
  • Willingness to operate the vehicle: It is the driver entering the vehicle and sitting on the seat designated for driving, and must take into account the closing of the door, controlling the position of the appropriate seat for him, adjusting all the mirrors of the vehicle, and checking the condition of the hand brake. [1]
  • Ensure that the manual transmission is in a neutral position, that is, that it is not fixed at a certain speed level. [2]
  • Pressing the left foot on the third pedal from the left side, and then moving the manual gear stick at the first level of speed, using the right foot the first pedal (the accelerator) is pressed from the right side gradually, in conjunction with the gradual lifting of the left foot from the accelerator pedal Manual, and care must be taken to achieve balance in this process, and after hearing the vehicle’s engine sound, the left foot is completely removed from the accelerator pedal. [2]
  • Vehicle speed control depends on switching the levels of the manual stick speed by pressing the third pedal from the left side with the left foot, and then switching between the speeds using the speed stick while ensuring that the right foot is not on the accelerator (first on the right), and after the transition From the first speed level to the second speed level or from the second to the third or from the third to the fourth or from the fourth to the fifth, the accelerator must be pressed (the first from the right) until the vehicle completes its course after making sure the foot is quickly removed from the accelerator pedal Manual. [2]
  • When the driver wants to stop the vehicle with the manual transmission, he must observe the following: [2]
    • Simultaneously depress the pedal in the middle (the second pedal) the brake pedal with the third pedal on the left, the manual transmission pedal.
    • Continuing pressure on the second and third pedals to reduce vehicle speed and prepare to stop.
    • Return the manual gear stick to the neutral position.
    • Lift the stick on the hand brake.
    • Turning off the vehicle engine .

Driving instruction with the automatic transmission

The learning drive by using Transmission Automatic not one of the skills that are difficult to learn, and what comes the basic steps to learn this type of drive: [3]
  • Ensure that the driver's seat is comfortably adjusted by lifting the latch under the seat up, and then pushing the chair forward or backward, or by pressing the seat's electronic control buttons if they are present.
  • Using the foot pedals, automatic vehicles contain two foot pedals instead of three pedals, as in manual transmission cars, where the right pedal is the fuel pedal that helps the vehicle to move, while the left pedal is the brake pedal that helps to reduce the vehicle speed and stop it completely, and it is recommended Using the right foot to switch between the two pedals, because of the ease of control.
  • Adjusting the vehicle's mirrors; the vehicles generally contain three mirror mirrors in the middle of the vehicle for the rear view, a mirror on the right side, and a mirror on the left side, where the side mirrors help the driver see the sides of the vehicle.
  • Hand brake control is a long stick located between the two front seats, which is raised up after the vehicle stops and before the driver leaves it; for the vehicle to remain in place, and when driving again, the hand brakes must be brought back down; until the vehicle moves.
  • Using the automatic transmission : It is the one that controls the speed and movement of the vehicle, whether to move forward or backward, and differs from the manual transmission because it contains several letters that the driver must recognize, namely:
    • Letter (P): When the speed vector is at this letter, the vehicle is in a state of complete stopping and cannot be moved.
    • Letter (N): When the velocity vector is at this letter, the vehicle is able to move in the event of a rush, either forward or backward, but its movement does not depend on the use of fuel, even if the accelerator pedal is depressed.
    • Letter (D): When the gear is at this letter, the vehicle is in a forward position after the foot is removed from the brake pedal, and the accelerator is depressed.
    • Letter (R): When the gear is at this letter, the vehicle is in a backward position after the foot is removed from the brake pedal, and the accelerator is depressed.

General instructions and tips for all drivers

The driver must abide by several basic and necessary instructions when driving his vehicle, whether using a manual or automatic transmission, and in what follows a set of these instructions:
  • Understanding the functions of meters in a vehicle: each vehicle contains several meters or measuring devices that show the vehicle’s condition, namely: [3]
    • Fuel Meter: This indicates the level of fuel inside the vehicle, so the driver can know when the vehicle needs more fuel.
    • Speedometer: This indicates the vehicle's driving speed, and the number of revolutions driven by the engine within one minute.
    • Units of measurement: are meters that warn the driver when the engine 's temperature rises or falls .
  • Do not forget to use a seat belt : it is a belt that the driver attaches to his body, in order to protect him from various injuries, especially serious ones. [3]
  • Operation of the vehicle's engine: is to place the vehicle's switch in its own position, which is often located on the right side of the vehicle's steering wheel, and then move it clockwise. [3]
  • Not driving with only one hand, because it makes the driver extremely vulnerable to accidents, as he cannot control the vehicle's steering using only one hand, and the driver must hold the vehicle's steering wheel with both hands properly and correctly. [3]
  • Using vehicle signals : they are located on a stick connected with the vehicle's steering wheel, and it helps the driver to clarify the nature of the direction of his vehicle to other drivers, especially if he wants to go left or right. [3]
  • Interest in learning complex movements: It is a group of movements that the driver must be keen to learn, such as climbing and driving over bridges, and turning while in turns with huge congestion. [4]
  • Wearing appropriate and comfortable shoes: It is one of the necessities of driving vehicles . For example, women should not wear high-heeled shoes and replace them with regular shoes, and drivers should avoid wearing heavy shoes that hinder the estimation of the appropriate pressure distance on the accelerator, transmission, or brakes; It may interfere with driving the vehicle. [4]