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From the inventor of electricity



Contents

  • 1 The invention of electricity
  • 2 William Gilbert
  • 3 Alessandro Volta
  • 4 Andrey amp
  • 5 References

The invention of electricity

The invention of electricity is the product of the efforts of many people, scientists, ideas and discoveries, including the following: [1]
  • The spark or the beginning of the invention of electricity is the discovery of the electric charge, and the Greeks are the first to discover the electric charge, which is static electricity that does not move, and this discovery occurred more than 2500 years ago, approximately 600 BC, and discovered this by rubbing the fossilized trees With animal fur and dry grass.
  • The English scientist William Gilbert wrote books on nature and mentioned the Latin word electricus, which describes this static electricity.
  • Thomas Brown was inspired by Gilbert's theory and wrote on physics and mentioned the word electricity, and then came Benjamin Franklin who was best known for his experiences of electricity but did not discover it.
  • Franklin's experiment in 1752 CE using the kite, the key, and the storm proved that the lightning and small electric sparks are the same, and he discovered this because an electric spark across the key and the paper thread reached his wrist, after the lightning struck the kite.
  • Alessandro Volta is the first to discover the steady flow of electric charges in the 1800s, after an Italian doctor named Luigi Galvani discovered that the frog man was shaken by touching two different types of minerals, and Volta studied this conclusion and discovered that the electrical potential between two metals had caused a flow of electric charges Through the legs of the frog, which makes it rise.

William Gilbert

William Gilbert began magnetology 1600 years ago, through his book he published entitled "De Magnet", and Gilbert is considered the first to realize that the Earth itself is a giant magnet, where he built a small land which is a magnetic field of stones, and put a small compass in Several points on its surface, through which it has been concluded that measuring the decrease in the compass gives sailors latitudes, and Gilbert has done many research to verify electrical phenomena, through which he was able to indicate that electrical attraction differs from magnetism in that it does not exist Electrodes in the electrified body, indicated to be on you Magnetic force can cover electricity using paper. [2]

Alessandro Volta

Alessandro Volta is considered a pioneer in the field of electricity , and one of the electricity units was named after him, and Volta contributed to developing the concept of the state of saturation of bodies, through which he was able to explain the factors of attraction and repulsion of electrified objects, [3] and Volta found that the flow of electrical charges through a metal wire can generate Energy, which was extracted into the manufacture of batteries, as many other scientists from after Volta developed an understanding of fixed and mobile electrical charges and their relationship to magnetism, among them are Michael Faraday and Nikola Tesla. [1]

Andrey amp

Andrei amp is considered a mathematician, chemist and physicist, one of the electric current units was named after him, and between 1820 and 1825 CE, Amp was able, after a series of experiments, to present realistic evidence showing that the magnetic field is in fact electromagnetism, and he was able to describe the law on current wires, and the magnet that contains On electric currents inside him, in addition to that he was able to unify the fields of electricity and magnetic on a digital level. [3]