How many people the world has



Contents

  • 1 world population
  • 2 Distribution of population by region
  • 3 Distribution of population by religion
  • 4 Distribution of population by age
  • 5 Distribution of population by language
  • 6 Distribution of population by education
  • 7 References

World population

The population of the world is the approximate number of people who live on the surface of the globe, and to calculate the population the demographics, or demography , is used, which is the statistical study of the population and their numbers, and includes a study of the size, structure, and distribution of this population according to several criteria, including Birth, death, income, and others. [1]

The world's population currently stands at approximately 7.359 billion people. [2] The world population witnessed a significant increase from the recorded population in 2010, which amounted to 6.929 billion people, as well as an increase from the world population in 2000, which amounted to 6.126 billion people, while the current number recorded a significant increase over the population in In 1990, it reached 5.309 billion people. [3]

The population of the world's population growth reached 1.13% in 2016, down from the population growth rate for 2012 which was 1.22%, and the population growth rate of the population in 2000, which reached 1.28%. It is noteworthy that the highest growth rate of the population was recorded in 1968, which amounted to 2.1% in that year, followed by 1969, which witnessed a population growth rate of 2.09%. [4]


Distribution of population by region

The world's population is mainly divided into six main regions, as follows: [5]
Region population Population density (person / km 2 ) The ratio
Asia 4,436,224,473 143 59.7%
Africa 1,216,129,815 41 16.4%
Europe 738,849,002 33 9.9%
Latin America and the Caribbean 641,029,306 32 8.6%
North Amarica 360,529,324 19 4.9%
Oceania 39,901,355 5 0.5%

The five most populous countries in the world
The five most populated countries in the world are classified as: [2]
  • China : 1,373,541,278 people.
  • India : 1,266,883,598 people.
  • United States of America : 323,995,528 people.
  • Indonesia : 258,316,051 people.
  • Brazil: 205,823,665 people.

The world's five least populated countries
The lowest five countries in the world are ranked in terms of population: [6]
  • Vatican : 1,000 people.
  • Nauru: 9,591 people.
  • Tuvalu: 10,959 people.
  • Palau: 21,347 people.
  • Monaco : 30,581 people.

The six most populated cities in the world
The six most populated cities in the world are classified according to population: [7]
  • Tokyo (Japan): 38 million.
  • Delhi (India): 25 million people.
  • Shanghai (China): 23 million.
  • Mexico City (Mexico): 21 million people.
  • Mumbai (India): 21 million.
  • São Paulo (Brazil): 21 million.

Distribution of population by religion

A study conducted in 2010 showed that 8 out of 10 citizens in the world belong to a religion or a religious group, constituting 84% of the total population of the world. : [8]
  • Christianity: 2.2 billion people (31.5%).
  • Islam: 1.6 billion people (23.2%).
  • The atheists: 1.12 billion (16.3%).
  • Hinduism: 1 billion people (15%).
  • Buddhism: 500 million people (7.1%).
  • Popular religions: 400 million people (5.9%).
  • Judaism : 14 million people (0.2%).
  • Other religions: 58 million (0.8%).

Population distribution by age

It was found in a recent study that the average life expectancy in 2013 for the Earth's inhabitants was 71 years. [9] The following is the distribution of the world's population according to the age groups or groups they belong to, and their ratio to the number of the world's population: [6]
  • 0-14 years: 1,862,956,402 people (25.44%).
  • 15-24 years: 1,183,541,477 people (16.16%).
  • 25-54 years: 3,011,011,083 people (41.12%).
  • 55-64 years: 629,931,485 people (8.6%).
  • 65 years and over: 635,747,010 people (8.68%).

Population distribution by language

The number of spoken languages ​​in the world is approximately 7,100 languages, 80% of these languages ​​are spoken by about 100,000 people or less, while 130 languages ​​among them are spoken by 10 people or less, and Asia is distinguished by its largest number of spoken languages, as the continent contains 2,300 Language, followed by the continent of Africa, which includes 2,140 languages ​​spoken, then the Pacific basin region with 1,310 languages, 1,060 languages ​​in the Americas, and finally 290 languages ​​spoken in Europe, and the following is presented to the most spoken languages ​​in the world as a first language: [6]
  • Chinese Mandarin: 12.2%
  • Spanish: 5.8%
  • English: 4.6%
  • Arabic: 3.6%
  • Hindi: 3.6%
  • Portuguese: 2.8%
  • Bengali: 2.6%
  • Russian: 2.3%
  • Japanese: 1.7%
  • Punjabi: 1.2%
  • Javanese: 1.2%

Distribution of population by education

In 2014, the number of illiterate people in the world reached 1,068,306,672, representing 15% of the total population, while the number of literate (literate) reached 6,197,479,274 people, or 85% of the total population. [10] The highest percentage of learners in the world was recorded in North Korea, where the number of learners reached 100% of the population. [11] The following is a presentation of the population of each level of education around the world for the year 2015: [10]
  • Post-secondary education: 725,515,860 people.
  • Higher secondary education: 1,431,279,740 people.
  • Preparatory education: 1,213,698,370 people.
  • Primary education: 932,093,060 people.
  • Incomplete primary education: 316,235,420 people.
  • Without education: 767,773,610 people.