The benefit of fruit juice



Contents

  • 1 fruit juice
  • 2 History of fruit juice
  • 3 fruit juice benefit
  • 4 problems of fruit juice
    • 4.1 High diabetes
    • 4.2 Treatment
  • 5 Conclusion
  • 6 References

Fruit juice

Fruit juice is an aqueous solution found naturally in different types of fruit. It is made by pressing or crushing the fruits mechanically to extract the largest possible amount of water contained in them. Because this pressing process does not produce significant heat, it maintains most of the natural nutritional content of the fruit. [1] In 2012, the World Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) estimated global production of citrus fruit juices (which include oranges and lemons) at 12,840,318 tons. [2]

History of fruit juice

Fruit juice began to gain commercial popularity in the United States at the beginning of the twentieth century, when pasteurization techniques (a method for improving liquids and killing certain types of germs inside them) developed, which for the first time allowed the production and storage of juice in factories of commercial quantities without spoil. In the past, The only way to preserve the juice is by fermenting it, which causes it to turn into alcohol . [3] During World War II, the United States government asked scientific research teams to help develop a product that could supply soldiers fighting overseas with vitamin C in a systematic way.


When the juice started in commercial quantities, it almost lacked the flavor of the fruit, because it was frozen and concentrated, then it was diluted with water later on, and this science caused most of the natural taste to be lost. When the juice lost its water, its flavor went with it. At that time, the production companies began adding fresh juice to the concentrates to restore the original taste to them, and when researchers reached that the world war had ended, but the orange juice industry spread very widely in the United States , and during the 1960s, they discovered how to make flavorings Industrial, which led to the development of the industry very quickly, and the spread of juice products diluted with water and sugar, as it became easier for production companies to store juice in large iron containers for a whole year without worrying about the problem of losing its natural taste.[4]

Despite this, the regulation or restriction of the juice trade did not begin - legally - until late, as the juice production companies were not obliged to disclose the true percentage of fruit juice in their products before the 1970s, and with the emergence of industrial chemical flavors, the juice factories were able to mix their products with Large proportions of water, then add sugar and flavors to gain a taste that does not differ much from the taste of ordinary juice, which led to the spread of fraud in the industry. In 1977, a law was issued in the United States forcing orange juice production companies to document the percentage of fruit in their products, as it is the most prevalent juice in the country, but this law was not extended to cover the rest of the fruits until 1990. [3]

The benefit of fruit juice

Fruit juices help provide the body with a number of important nutrients, such as antioxidants that help to fight cancer, as well as many essential vitamins for health, such as vitamin C, which controls the work of the nervous system and vitamin K necessary for bone health, and it can also provide you with a number of minerals found in the fruit.

Fruit juice may help - to some degree - to protect against cancer , but scientific research in this regard is still limited. It is sometimes claimed that the fruit juice cleans the body, but this is not accurate, as the liver and kidneys are able to clean the body from toxins naturally, and while some people promote the fruit juice diet as a good way to lose weight, it may have bad results in the long run Its primary benefit is limited to reducing fluid levels in the body, and in the long run it may cause the body to consume muscle tissue because it does not get enough food. [5]

Although a lot of nutrients can be lost in the commercial juices that you buy from the market, you will not lose them when you squeeze the fruits in your home. On the other hand, the fruit juice carries only a very small amount of dietary fiber found in the original fruit, which is one of the basic losses of the fruit era. [6]

In general when buying juices, it is advisable to choose freshly squeezed or directly squeezed products directly from the fruit (if available), and avoid any products with added sugars as possible. If you want to drink juice, one of the best options is watermelon juice , which contains a large percentage of antioxidants that reduce the risk of heart disease , high blood pressure, or exposure to cancer.

Pomegranate juice also contains a significant percentage of antioxidants, except that it is rich in vitamin E and vitamin C, which is useful in reducing skin wrinkles and protecting it from sunlight, and orange juice is very useful because it contains a giant proportion of vitamin C, which strengthens the immune system and reduces pressure the blood. [7]

Fruit juice problems

Many nutritionists believe that fruit juice may not be a good health option, for various reasons. On the one hand, experts advise the average adult to eat about 5 portions of fruits and vegetables every day, but they do not think that drinking fruit juice can compensate for any of these portions, because it lacks a very large proportion of the nutrients present in the completed fruits. Other than that, the juicy body absorbs the juice very quickly after entering the stomach, so that it does not get a great opportunity to take advantage of the minimal food present in it, while it may cause sudden increases in the blood sugar level , according to the nutrition researcher Susan Gibb: "Quite frankly, When the juice reaches your stomach, your body will not have much time to distinguish whether it is orange juice or a Coca-Cola drink.In the research community, fruit juice in the middle of the twentieth century was generally considered a healthy source of food, but this view has changed a lot in the recent period, as most experts now discourage eating these juices. [4]

High diabetes

One of the main problems that experts worry about fruit juice is the high level of sugar in it. Although the juice suggests that it is a very healthy food because it is "natural" and made from "fruit", the amount of sugar in it is quite equal (in many cases) to the amount of sugar in drinks Carbonated drinks such as Coca-Cola, in fact, may exceed them in some cases, while each cup of Coca-Cola contains 140 calories, including 40 grams of sugar (equivalent to 10 teaspoons), two glasses of natural apple juice contain 165 calories. Including 39 grams of sugar (or whatever it is Waddell 9.8 teaspoons). [8]

The problem arises, when comparing fruit juice with natural fruits, that it is easy to consume juice in very large quantities without calculation, which raises a lot of the daily portion of sugars, without raising the food ration sufficiently, the reason for this is that the dietary fiber in the fruit helps The person is notified with fullness after eating, and the juice is almost completely lacking in fiber, which opens the way for large quantities of it to be taken without feeling full. [5] Drinking fruit juice may not be very bad for a person who maintains a healthy weight , but it may represent a major problem - on the other hand - for those who suffer from weight and nutrition problems. In general, some nutritionists advise against eating more than 125 milliliters (half a cup) of fruit juice per day. [9]

Treated

Other than that, many juice production companies process their products in a way that they do not realize, even though they may distribute the juice under the label that it is "100% natural" or "not made from concentrated juice", but that does not mean that it retains its natural properties. The juice is extracted from natural fruits ( for example, oranges ) in the factory. It can remain stored in giant silos for a whole year, which leads to the loss of most of its flavor. Then the manufacturer is forced to add artificial flavorings to it to make up for the problem and restore the taste of good juice. This is for high-priced juices. As for the cheap brands, it is possible to sell products that are closer to sugar water than anything that tastes fruit. [8]

Conclusion

Although fruit juice already contains quantities of beneficial elements, such as antioxidants and vitamins , they are so small that it may not be sufficient to compensate for the harms caused by many diabetes, except that the juice is completely lacking in many of the basic ingredients that make fruits The original fruit is nutritious, for example food fibers, which are very rich inside the fruits and help the body to digest, while virtually no juice in the juice. [8]