Carbon and diamonds


  • 1 carbon
    • 1.1 Chemical properties of carbon
    • 1.2 Carbon uses
    • 1.3 Carbon negatives
  • 2 diamonds
    • 2.1 Diamond Uses
    • 2.2 Diamond formation
    • 2.3 Diamond mines


Carbon is one of the chemical elements symbolized by C, and it is located on top of the fourteenth group in the periodic table within the elements of the second cycle, and it is characterized by having atomic number 6, and that it is a trivalent element, and that it falls within the non-metals elements, and its ability to correlate with other carbon atoms from In order to form long carbon chains and bond with a number of other elements to form millions of organic compounds.

Chemical properties of carbon

  • Chemically stable.
  • Resistant to chemical reactions when normal conditions of temperature and pressure are present, as it is resistant to the influence of expanded acids such as hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid, and resistance to the influence of oxidants and alkalis.
  • Characteristics are reductive, as it can reduce metal oxides at elevated temperatures.

Carbon uses

  • Fitting core pencils for drawing, writing and drawing.
  • Installing electrodes used in dry batteries.
  • Installing ink, watercolor and oil-based inks, carbon paper, and print material in laser cartridges.
  • Coloring plastic products, and the manufacture of synthetic rubber used in the manufacture of tires.

Carbon negatives

  • Inhaling carbon black causes irritation in the tissues of the lungs, and it also causes sorcery to charcoal workers.
  • air pollution.


Diamonds are considered carbon-based, and it is considered to be a cube-crystalline structure that takes multiple forms of that cubic structure, which has eight facets, especially the twelve faces. Precious commercial stones, in addition to its ability to electrical insulation and its good heat transfer, is also characterized by high transparency.

Diamond uses

  • Jewelry and jewelery industry.
  • Drilling deep wells for oil, water and natural gas.
  • Manufacture of medical devices, electronic devices, glass cutting, and industrial equipment.

Diamond formation

Diamond is made of the essential carbon element that is important to all types of life. It is considered one of the only gemstones that consist of one element. The nature of carbon includes six electrons, six protons surrounding the nucleus, and four electrons from six equal.

Diamond mines

The majority of diamonds are extracted from the craters of the volcano. Volcanic lava is dumped from the depths of the earth to distances of up to 150 kilometers. Most mines are located in central and southern Africa, in addition to a few in Russia, Australia, Canada, and Brazil, and 26,000 kilograms are extracted. A year is equivalent to 130 million carats.