How to discover gold


  • 1 Definition of the gold metal
  • 2 The location of gold in the periodic table of elements
  • 3 Uses of gold and its location in nature
  • 4 How gold was discovered

Definition of gold metal

Gold or English: Gold is one of the most important and precious metallic chemical elements. Among its general characteristics: it bears the symbol (Au), the atomic number (79), its color is yellow, and is characterized by luster, softness, and softness, and is also distinguished by the high density that exceeds many other minerals, and gold is one of the most valuable and beautiful minerals. Gold, when it is in its natural state in the form of powder or crumbs, is called (tiber), as is the case with silver, where silver is when it is in its natural state in the form of powder or crumbs (tiber).

The location of gold in the periodic table of the elements

Gold is the third element of the eleventh group located approximately in the middle of the periodic table of elements, which is the closest to the right side of the periodic table, and this group is one of the groups of transition metal elements, and belongs to this group other than gold, namely: silver (Ag Copper, Cu (Rg), and Rontignium (Rg).

The uses of gold and its location in nature

Gold is one of the precious and rare elements, and gold is present in nature in the form of granules or crumbs where in this case it is called tiber, or it may be in the form of nuggets or large lumps, and the places where it is found: rocks, sand and gravel found in river beds, and is present Also in the ground, gold when discovered is to be pure and pure, or to be mixed with some other minerals, as it is often detected mixed with copper or lead.

Gold has many uses, it is used in the manufacture of jewelry and precious jewelry, and gold also has some medical uses, and it was ancient used as silver and money.

How was gold discovered?

Man has discovered many minerals since ancient times, and among these minerals: gold, silver, iron, and copper, so gold is one of the first minerals known to man in the early stages of human history, and some historians say that man has discovered it in the Neolithic period that It started in the year 10,200 BC. The way a person discovers gold is unknown, and perhaps he discovered it by chance.

Gold has become famous in many historical human civilizations, including: The Pharaonic civilization that arose in Egypt, the Pharaohs knew gold, and they dug many mines and extracted them from them, and then they manufactured and formed them, and inserted them in many industries, and from other ancient human civilizations that The most famous use of gold: the Mesopotamian civilization in Iraq.