Precious stones and how to identify them

Precious stones

The earth's crust contains many diverse and different riches, and each wealth of it has a value that makes it an important economic resource for the countries of the world, so that every country rich in any of these riches has a prosperous economy. Mineral, which is one of the most famous examples of precious stones, precious stones are among the rarest and most valuable mineral resources, as they require a specific method to identify them, so the topic of our conversation in this article will be precious stones and how to identify them.

Precious stones, or as some call them precious or precious stones or tuber, one of the important mineral wealth, which is a group of different types of minerals and composed of two or more elements, which were subject to the polymerization process, and precious stones are mainly silica in addition to containing some Mineral impurities, the reason for the diversity of precious stones is due to the difference in the composition of each of them, which is caused by the different conditions and elements that make up the stone and the type of impurities present in it, and there are some types of precious stones that form at different depths in the ground so that they go out with the stone Volcanic mm and the results of earthquakes earthquake to the surface of the earth, examples of which are rubies and emeralds, as there are some types that form in the animal kingdom such as pearls and corals, and do not forget about the amber that is formed in the vegetable kingdom, and some types of precious stones have been mentioned in the Holy Quran, as mentioned in the verse Cream

How to identify gems

Precious stones are formed in the ground of the earth in a natural way without human intervention in them, as they were formed by multiple geological processes in the ground, but humans were able to manufacture some types of them, but they are not of the same quality as those in nature, which are called fake gems, so that it is necessary to differentiate Between them to know the real gemstones, as in the following steps:
  • Looking at the gem with a magnifying glass makes it appear to be several times larger than its natural size.
  • Looking at the color of the stone from all its angles under sufficient lighting that allows the stone to be seen clearly. The true stone is its color is flat from all its angles, while the fake stone has varying degrees of color from one angle to another.
  • Study the stone and its characteristics and compare them to the characteristics of the real stone. If it is similar to it, the stone will be real.
  • The surface of the stone must be seen from the outside. If it is full of scratches and bubbles, then this stone is not real, but if it is polished, this indicates that this stone is real.
  • To place the stone under artificial lighting, and if it shows a high luster and the light through it is easily broken, then this stone is real, but in the event that the opposite is, this stone is fake.
  • It is necessary to know the type of metal that is made of this stone. If it is a precious metal, then the stone is real, but in the event that the metal is not precious, the stone is fake.
  • Gemstones emit violet light when placed in the dark.