The concept of beauty among philosophers


  • 1 Definition of philosophy
  • 2 Definition of beauty
  • 3 History of aesthetics
  • 4 Theories of beauty among philosophers

Definition of philosophy

It is a science associated with the essence of man that makes him willing in knowledge, and the word philosophy is a Greek word originally derived from two parts, (Philo: which means love), and (Sofia: which means wisdom), meaning that it means the lover of wisdom, and its definition has differed throughout history At the beginning, it was based on thinking and research on the origin of existence, the Creator, and the components of this universe, but after accusing it of misleading man, its definition changed, and this change began from the days of Socrates as philosophy became a form of thinking and research in the same person, faith in the Creator and proving his existence mentally It depends on both reason and logic, and ... There is no definition of philosophy itself, it can be defined as knowledge and curiosity and the desire to discover the secrets of life around us.

Definition of beauty

The word beauty is of Greek origin, meaning the science related to sensation or the science of knowing things through the senses, and is known as (extrapolation) as well as the name of philosophy of art, and Herbert Reed defined beauty as the unity of formal relations between things that our senses perceive, and from the beautiful definitions about beauty what Hegel told him that he is the soft genie that we encounter everywhere, and in the past beauty was one of the branches of philosophy, until the philosopher Baumgarten came, and he distinguished between aesthetics and the rest of knowledge.

History of Aesthetics

The philosophy of beauty in the past was associated with theories of the universe and divine, but it approached theories of knowledge and morals throughout history. The philosophy of art and beauty arose with the emergence of philosophy with its ancient philosophers from Greece, and it is inseparable from it, as it derives its origins from philosophical doctrines, and aesthetics is a newly established science, as it emerged after a long history of contemplative and philosophical thought, that is, it is considered an ancient ancient science, The Greeks did not know him for himself, but they cared about him in that it is a sign of good and truth.

Beauty theories of philosophers

  • The Pythagorean Theory in the Concept of Beauty: Pythagorean philosophy distinguishes between the level of being reasonably existent and the level of perceived existence, and it says by the dualism of the soul and the body, and put ten correspondents, examples of which are good and bad; that is, they formulated philosophical ideas in a mathematical form.
  • Georgias theory of beauty: Georgias theory is based on the role of artistic beauty that influences the human sense, as the arts present to the human soul a sensual pleasure, because his idea is based on illusion and is independent of the truth, for example the legend of Pegmalion, who used to hate women, making a figurine of ivory for a beautiful woman He fell in love with the statue, and Georgias used to say that it is impossible to prove existence and non-existence together. He ended from his denial of existence to his denial of knowledge of truth.
  • The theory of beauty in Socrates: Socrates does not care about sensual beauty as much as he is interested in the beauty of soul and morals. Beauty has what benefits the moral benefit and serves human life. Rational and the subconscious.
  • Plato's theory of beauty: Plato's beauty can be summed up as linking it to divine love, because the topic of love is beauty itself, and he sees that the arts take their beauty from their simulations of nature, although this simulation is incomplete as an attempt to reach the ideal world.