What is the appropriate food after cholecystectomy?


  • 1 cholecystectomy
  • 2 appropriate food after cholecystectomy
    • 2.1 Nutritional advice
    • 2.2 Food that can be eaten
    • 2.3 Foods to avoid
  • 3 complications of cholecystectomy
  • 4 Post-gallbladder food video
  • 5 References


Cholecystectomy is a common surgical procedure, which is usually done to get rid of gallstones or bile ducts, which hinder the flow of the bile and cause pain, and can also be done in the event of cholecystitis or pancreatitis In fact, this surgery is considered very safe, as the possibility of complications is very low, and in most cases, the patient is able to return to the home on the same day that the gallbladder was performed, and it should be noted that the function of the gallbladder is Stick storage Rh produced by biliary liver until needed, and is cholecystectomy using the telescopeLaparoscopic cholecystectomy is the most common form of gallbladder removal, by inserting a small video camera, in addition to special surgical tools through four small surgical incisions in the abdomen to remove the gallbladder, and in some cases, the gallbladder is removed by performing a large surgical incision, This process is called open cholecystectomy. [1]

Adequate food after cholecystectomy

Most patients do not have problems with the digestive system after cholecystectomy, because the gallbladder is not necessary for digestion, but some patients may experience diarrhea for a period of time after cholecystectomy, but it improves over time. [1]

Nutritional advice

Patients are advised to make several changes to their diet after cholecystectomy. These tips include the following: [2]
  • Gradually adding solid foods: The patient should consume clear liquids, soups, and jellies during the first few days of the gallbladder removal process, and gradually return to solid foods.
  • Reducing the intake of food: eating small, frequent meals.
  • Reducing the amount of fat: By avoiding fried foods, foods rich in fat, foods with strong odors, and foods that produce gases , it is worth saying that the total calories from fat should not exceed 30% of the total calories during the same day.
  • Gradually adding dietary fiber to avoid bloating, diarrhea, and cramps.
  • Writing foods that are eaten daily: and documenting the effect of eating different types of foods, to identify foods that should be avoided or that do not cause inconvenience, and in fact most patients return to the usual diet before the operation within a month after the procedure, and patients who are advised They suffer from the following symptoms by seeing a doctor: [3] [2]
    • Feeling of persistent abdominal pain, or feeling severe or increased pain over time.
    • Feeling of severe nausea or vomiting.
    • Jaundice .
    • Not to be taken for more than three days after the operation.
    • Inability to produce gas for more than three days after surgery.
    • Diarrhea persists for more than three days after surgery.
    • The temperature continues to rise to over 39 degrees.
    • Bleeding.
    • Increased flatulence.
    • Feeling of chills.
    • Persistent coughing or shortness of breath.
    • Pus coming out of the slit.
    • Redness of the area around the site of the operation, and the volume of redness increased over time.

Foods that can be eaten

The list of foods that are best eaten after gallbladder removal includes the following: [4]
  • Foods rich in fiber: such as beans, lentils, peas, potatoes, oats, barley grains, and products made from whole grains such as bread, pasta, rice, and non-roasted nuts in oils such as almonds, nuts, cashews, and some types of seeds such as hemp, chia, and seeds Poppy.
  • Foods rich in vitamins: such as legumes, broccoli, cabbage, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, spinach, tomatoes, citrus fruits such as oranges, lemons, avocados, berries and raspberries.
  • Lean meat or meat substitutes: such as chicken breast, turkey, salmon, trout, herring, and white fish such as cod, halibut, legumes, and tofu.

Foods to avoid

The list of foods to avoid after gallbladder removal includes the following: [4]
  • Fatty meat: Fatty meats should be avoided because they cause nuisance to the digestive system. Examples of these meats include steaks, beef, bacon, mortadella, salami, sausage, venison, lamb, and pork.
  • Dairy products: Dairy products are foods that are difficult for the body to digest after the gallbladder is removed, and dairy products that should be avoided or limited by consuming whole milk, whole milk, whole milk, butter, lard, sour cream, ice cream, and cream Whipped cream, cream sauces.
  • Processed foods: Processed foods contain a lot of fat and sugar, which is a burden on the organ system after the gallbladder is removed, so it is advised to stay away from processed foods such as pies, cakes, biscuits, cinnamon rolls, white bread, and foods cooked with vegetable oil or hydrogenated.
  • Caffeine and alcohol: It is recommended to limit foods and drinks that contain caffeine such as coffee, tea, soft drinks, energy drinks, and sweets flavored with coffee and chocolate, as caffeine causes increased stomach acidity and speeds the process of emptying it to the food, which leads to a feeling of stomach pain, And discomfort after cholecystectomy.

Complications of cholecystectomy

Complications of laparoscopic cholecystectomy are rare, and these complications include bleeding, infection of the site of the operation, hernia, blood clots formation, and some heart problems. Sometimes the organs surrounding the gallbladder may be damaged during the surgery, such as joint bile duct injury, or colon , Or the small intestine, which requires the patient to undergo another surgery to fix it. In rare cases, the bile duct can leak into the abdomen from the channels between the liver and intestine. [3]