Where are the gems?


  • 1 Precious stones
  • 2 Where the gems are located
  • 3 The relationship of precious stones to the ancient person
  • 4 gems in religions
  • 5 Physical properties of precious stones
  • 6 names of precious stones
  • 7 types of precious stones
  • 8 videos about gemstones

Precious stones

Gemstones in the language consist of two words - precious stones, where the gems are created by the power of God Almighty in nature, and it does not interfere in its human formation. Precious stones are known by other names such as: precious stones, precious stones, or Petra stones. Gems are different minerals, and these minerals are polymerized. Usually gems are made up of two or more elements.

All gemstones contain silica, as silica is an essential and main ingredient in various types of gemstones, in addition to a few impurities and other materials that contribute to the difference of gemstones from each other. The reason behind the existence of multiple types of gemstones is due to the conditions that led to their polymerization and composition, in addition to the type of impurities that go into forming each type of gemstone and other materials.

All gemstones are similar to the presence of silica as an essential component to it, as mentioned previously, and the crystal lattice system also creates these stones during the polymerization process.

Precious stones differ from each other in the elements that go into the composition of each species during the formation of the crystal lattice system. The other difference between the gemstones is the degree of their color according to their variation in the degree of transparency, and the reason for the difference in the degree of transparency between the gemstones is the type of metal or minerals that enter as impurities on silica or silicon. More besides silica except for the diamond stone, which is considered the only stone between coffee gemstones, and it consists of only one component with silica, so the diamond stone is considered monolithic; in its composition is a carbon element, in addition to silica.

Where the precious stones are located

Precious stones are found most often in volcanic areas, especially in areas where volcanic rivers flow, as some types of precious stones are formed in the ground and at different depths, and precious stones can be formed in the layers of the earth close to the surface, and this means that it is possible to exist At a depth of 160 meters, it emerges to the surface of the Earth when volcanoes and tremors occur, such as: rubies, diamonds, and emeralds. These precious stones exist in nature alone free, as precious stones are found in the depths of the seas and oceans such as pearls and corals, and some are located above the surface of the earth as a result of the vegetable kingdom such as yellow amber.

Man has cared since ancient times, that is, for nearly ten thousand years, precious stones. People have been captivated from ancient times with the beauty, splendor, and distinction of precious stones, in addition to the supernatural ability to form them.

The relationship of precious stones to the ancient person

The ancient person linked the precious stones with his social life and his religious life. In the ancient times, man had no explanation of what nature formed with its supernatural powers for such unique, distinctive and wonderful stones. Therefore, the ancient man considered these stones sacred, and some peoples made the precious stones gods that worship them as they are Sun, moon, wind, and other natural phenomena are worshiped for which they have no logical or scientific explanation for their occurrence in our lives, and evidence has been found that some ancient peoples constructed temples and made these temples priests to serve and nurture them, such as evidence found on Babylonian civilization; the Babylonian contracts found in the Euphrates River dating back to 5000 BC, the Babylonian necklaces were made of shells, oysters and Aloobsidian, known as Aloobsidian is a rock of volcanic glass has properties.

And the precious stones of the ancient man were associated with the generosity and the evil of envy, and evidence also found that for nearly 40,000 years, man knew and used precious stones, as he used them to make jewelry, contracts, and amulets, and man from ancient times had polished these precious stones and polished them well. And polishing with the aim of being used to make jewelry, amulets and necklaces, in addition to the fact that man in ancient times used precious stones as heads of hunting arrows because of their hardness and durability.

Precious stones in religions

Precious stones are mentioned in all religions on the earth such as Buddhism, which is considered one of the oldest beliefs and religions on the face of the earth until the era that God Almighty blessed humanity with the Islamic religion, which is the last of the heavenly religions, and all religions share the mention and description of precious stones precisely, where The precious stones were mentioned in the Holy Qur’an in Surat Al-Rahman, for God Almighty said: “Pearls and corals come out of them,” and the words of God Almighty in his description are the eyes in paradise: “As if the rubies and corals”, and the words of the Almighty “and the eyes of the eye, as the parallels of the pearls” Almighty God.

Gemstones are distinguished by the fact that their formation is by nature, and there is no human being in them, and their composition is within a series of biological processes, and a person can manufacture stones similar to gemstones called fake stones, where humans manufacture stones similar to gemstones or false stones in laboratories through a chain It is a chemical process, so it was known as imitation or fake stones, and the difference between gemstones and imitation or fake stones in the way of composition and mineral construction as well.

As we mentioned earlier, the presence of impurities in the composition of precious stones is what gives them the color, just as the presence of simple salts and some pure elements contribute to giving color to the precious stones, but for pearls, the difference of its colors is due to the environment in which it is formed.

Physical properties of precious stones

  1. Hardness and Hardness.
  2. Durability.
  3. the color.
  4. Scarcity.

These physical properties are what make the gemstones distinctive and unique in their quality, as the gemstones are classified according to the hardness and the degree of purity and the degree of rotation and regularity and size as well. Black gemstones are the most valuable types of gemstones and more expensive than white gemstones, due to their rarity in nature .

Gem Names

  1. Diamonds.
  2. Red sapphire.
  3. Exhale.
  4. Corundum.
  5. Zirconium.
  6. Alexandrite.
  7. Spinel.
  8. Cubas.
  9. Aquamarine.
  10. Brill.
  11. Emeralds.
  12. Scratch.
  13. Andalusian calcination.
  14. Tourmaline.
  15. Amethyst.
  16. Severin.
  17. Crystal rock.
  18. Smoky quartz.
  19. Pink quartz.
  20. Granite.
  21. Rescenum.
  22. Flicker.
  23. Agate.
  24. Jasper.
  25. Aquamarine.
  26. Tiger Eye.
  27. moon stone.
  28. Blood stone.
  29. opal.
  30. Magnetite.
  31. Fluorite.
  32. Coral.
  33. Pearl.
  34. Talc.
  35. Amber.

The mass or weight of the gemstones is measured in units of carats, and the carat equals one-fifth (1/5) grams. Carats as a unit of weight differs from the carat as a unit of measurement of quality. Carats as a unit of weight measurement can be defined as an actual unit of measurement, whereas a carat of quality or what is known as a karat of gold quality is defined as a unit of measure for the quality of gold, and this unit is a metaphorical unit of measure, and quality means the degree of purity of the metal. The first to define carat as a unit of weight for the metal are the Chinese and Indians, and then the Arabs knew it, as ancient Arab merchants used the unit of carat weight in grains to weigh minerals and gemstones.

Kinds of precious stones

  1. Organic gemstones: amber, pearl, coral, abalone and coballe.
  2. Mineral gemstones: diamonds, rubies, emeralds, moonstone, sun sea, sun stone, tiger's eye, and opal.

Gemstones are classified according to the degree of hardness and durability from the most hard and durable to the least hardness and durability, as well as classification according to the degree of beauty, where gradations are made from the most beautiful gems to the least beautiful until we reach the semi-precious stones. They are called semi-precious stones because they are less rough and less beautiful than the basic, rare and distinctive precious stones.